Answers to the Stroke Quiz on page 261 of BoomER Emergency Room Survival Guide:
- Name 3 signs or symptoms of a stroke: (Hint: see Page 252 in BoomER) — sudden numbness or weakness in an arm or leg, headache, dizziness, changes in vision or loss of vision in one eye, sudden confusion, difficulty understanding what others say, drooping on one side of the mouth with slurring of speech.
- Name 3 signs or symptoms of a TIA or ministroke: Same as those of a stroke (see question #1). Note: TIA symptoms strike like lightening and usually last less than 60 minutes then resolve.
- 3 Stroke risk factors: Some major risks include high blood pressure, diabetes, atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat), smoking, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol.
- Which of the following is most likely to be directly associated with a stroke or TIA? Answer: Very abrupt onset of symptoms. Recall, TIA or stroke strike like lightening.
- Which of the following is most likely to be associated with a stroke or TIA? Answer: Sudden weakness or tingling on one side of the body.
- Why is it so important to find out if rapid onset brain-related symptoms that come and go within minutes was likely or unlikely to be a mini-stroke (TIA)? Answer (see page 251 in book): TIA sufferers have a 25% risk for suffering a full-blown stroke, heart attack, repeat TIA or death within 90 days of the first warning!